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How to do personal protection during the epidemic? 10 practical suggestions

How can we protect ourselves in our daily life during the COVID-19 epidemic ? The experts gave 10 practical suggestions.
 
1. Wash hands frequently and maintain good respiratory hygiene habits
Use soap or hand soap and wash your hands with running water.
Wipe your hands with disposable paper towels or clean towels.
Wash hands immediately after touching hands with respiratory secretions (eg after sneezing).
Maintain good respiratory hygiene habits. When coughing or sneezing, please cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or towel.
Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands.


2. Enhance physical fitness and immunity, keep the environment clean and ventilated
Enhance physical fitness and immunity, balanced diet, moderate exercise, regular work and rest and avoid excessive fatigue.
Open the window every day for not less than 3 times. Please be 20 ~ 30 minutes each time. When the outdoor air quality is poor, the frequency and time of ventilation should be appropriately reduced.


3. Minimize activities in crowded places and pay attention to symptoms
Try to minimize activities in crowded places and avoid contact with patients with respiratory infections.
Symptoms of respiratory tract infections such as cough, runny nose, fever, etc., should be isolated at home to rest. If you continue have caught fever or have these symptoms , please see doctor as soon as possible.


4. The role of hand washing in preventing respiratory tract diseases
Proper hand washing is one of the most effective measures to prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections. Authoritative organizations such as the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization recommend washing hands with soap and water (running water).

5. Correct six-step hand-washing method
① Rub your hands with each other's palms (rub your hands together for five times);
② Wash your finger joints with your hands crossed (the palms of your hands and your backs, your hands are crossed, your left and right hands are exchanged for five times)
③The palms of the palms are rubbed between the fingers (the palms are interlaced with ten fingers and the fingers are rubbed five times);
④ Rub your palms with your fingertips, the left and right hands are the same.
⑤ Hold the thumb of the other hand and scrub and rub the left and right hands the same for five times;
⑥Bend your fingers so that the joint rotates and kneads in the palm of your other hand.


6. When do you need to wash your hands
①Before and after transferring the file;
②After coughing or sneezing;
③ Before, during and after preparing food;
④ Before eating;
⑤After going to the toilet;
⑥ When the hands are dirty;
⑦ After contacting others;
⑧ After contact with animals;
⑨After returning home.


7. What should I do if there is no clean water when I travel and it is not convenient to wash my hands?
You can use alcohol-based disinfection products to clean your hands. Coronaviruses are not resistant to acids or alkalis and are sensitive to organic solvents and disinfectants. 75% alcohol can inactivate viruses. Therefore, alcohol-containing disinfection products reach a certain concentration can be used as a substitute for soap and running hands.

8. How to choose a mask?
Option one: Choose a disposable medical mask when you go out normally, replace it for 4 hours continuously and replace it immediately after pollution or moisture;
Option two: Go to the hospital to see a doctor or in a crowded place can choose N95 medical protective mask. Wear it for 4 hours and replace it. If it is polluted or wet, replace it immediately.
Cotton masks and sponge masks are not recommended.


9. Use the mask correctly
How to use medical masks.
①The darker color of the mask is the front and the front should face outward. There are metal strips for nose clips on the medical mask.
②The face that is facing the face should be the reverse side of the medical mask, that is, the lighter side. In addition, pay attention to the part with the metal strip above the mask, and don't wear it backwards.
③After clearly distinguishing the front, back, upper and lower sides of the mask, wash your hands and hang the ropes at both ends on your ears.
④ Finally, press the metal strips on both sides of the nose bridge with your hands to make the upper end of the mask close to the nose bridge and then stretch the mask down so that the mask does not leave wrinkles and cover the nose and mouth.


10. How to wear masks for special people)
①Pregnant women wear protective masks and they should pay attention to their own conditions and choose products with better comfort.
②The elderly and chronically ill patients with cardiopulmonary disease will cause discomfort after wearing it and it will even aggravate the original condition. Seek professional guidance from a doctor.
③Children are in the stage of growth and development and their face is small so choose child protective masks.